What is it about these claims

What is it about these claims

Researchers led by Professor Guiscard Seebohm found that a certain subtype of the Coxsackie virus (CVB3) prevents the transport of important proteins into cells.

Potassium and calcium keep the heart beating

The ion channels were particularly decisive for the scientists’ findings. “Ion channels are proteins that determine the electrical properties of heart muscle cells,” explains Prof. Guiscard Seebohm, biochemist at the Institute for Genetics of Heart Diseases at the University Hospital in Münster.

The ion channels regulate the transport of ions such as potassium and calcium to the heart muscle and thus ensure that the heart beats. “As we found out, the CVB3 viruses mean that two central potassium channels and the most important calcium channel can no longer get to the right place – and these functional changes lead to potentially fatal cardiac arrhythmias”, summarizes Seebohm. 

Results give hope

But the researchers’ results also give cause for hope. Because Seebohm and his colleagues found out in their investigations that there is a Southeast Asian gene variation in Asia that alleviates the malfunction and thus makes sudden cardiac death less likely. “More than 150 million Southeast Asians already carry this beneficial gene variant, like almost a quarter of the Japanese. And it seems to be spreading further. We are now investigating which components of the virus are causing the cell changes,” reports Seebohm.

The research could also be important for those affected, because active substances are now to be developed that are supposed to inhibit infections caused by a virus such as CVB3. 

Virus occurs worldwide

According to the Robert Koch Institute (RKI), the form of flu that is caused by the CVB3 virus occurs worldwide and is transmitted from person to person or indirectly through food or objects. The virus occurs particularly frequently in late summer and autumn and then especially in Southeast Asia. But you can also get infected with the virus in Germany. In this country it could already be detected, especially in summer and early autumn.

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The Coxsackie viruses are divided into groups A and B. According to the RKI, Coxsackie A viruses lead to hand, foot and mouth diseases. Occasionally they can also cause symptoms of meningitis. However, symptoms similar to summer flu, which can be caused by both Coxsackie A and Coxsackie B viruses, are typical.

Around three million people in Germany suffer from heart failure. 50,000 die every year. The sick heart can be fate, for example if it is caused by a genetic heart muscle disease, informs the German Heart Foundation. However, in many cases the heart failure is homemade.

The creeping process usually begins in the middle years, as the Heart Foundation writes. The wrong lifestyle habits such as too little exercise, the wrong diet or smoking are often to blame. From these factors, coronary heart disease and high blood pressure develop slowly and usually unnoticed. These two factors are the main causes of heart failure.

20,000 doctors observed over 22 years

Accordingly, one can avoid heart failure with a healthy lifestyle. This is also confirmed by a large study in which over 20,000 US doctors were observed over the course of 22 years on their way of life. At the start of the study, the doctors were healthy with an average age of 53.6 years. A healthy lifestyle was defined in the study as having a BMI below 25, abstaining from smoking, regular endurance activity five times a week, moderate alcohol consumption and a healthy diet (whole grain products, fruit, vegetables).

Healthy lifestyle can cut your risk of heart failure in half

Of the doctors who lived unhealthily, one in five suffered from heart failure.https://123helpme.me/to-kill-a-mockingbird-essay/ For those who lived healthy, it was only one in ten. This means that the risk of heart failure is halved with a healthy lifestyle. If the results are transferred to Germany, one million men and women could be spared the fate of heart failure, according to the conclusion of the German Heart Foundation. The prerequisite would be that fitness and healthy eating are integrated into everyday life as naturally as the mobile phone. This does not have to go hand in hand with dogged self-mortification, but can mean more activity and joie de vivre.

In any case, from the age of 40 to 50, or earlier if you have a family history, you should have your blood pressure, cholesterol and blood sugar checked regularly, recommends the Heart Foundation. Then the risk factors for heart disease, high blood pressure, lipid metabolism disorders and diabetes can be discovered early.

You should take these signs seriously

Heart failure often begins unremarkable and manifests itself at the beginning with increasing tiredness, exhaustion and reduced performance. One of the main symptoms of heart failure is shortness of breath, which initially only occurs during exercise. At an advanced stage, those affected have to struggle with it even when they are at rest.

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Heart failure can become life threatening

At an advanced stage, cardiac insufficiency leads to severe complaints for those affected and severely affects their everyday life. In the worst case, the symptoms can be life-threatening. Symptoms worsen and people can barely get out of bed. Often only a heart transplant will help.

Many heart operations have now become routine operations. Their number has increased significantly in recent years. In the opinion of the consumer advice centers, however, many such interventions can be avoided. The reason for this is the hospitals’ greed for profit. “There are financial interests of the hospitals that work for plannable, large-scale interventions,” explains the health expert of the Federal Consumer Association, Ilona Köster-Steinebach. This also applies to the increasing number of heart operations.

“The question arises whether surgery is always the best treatment option,” says Köster-Steinebach. In the case of cardiac interventions, alternatives could be medication, but also more exercise, weight loss and physiotherapy.

Hospitals are doing more coronary artery operations

A study was carried out on hospital treatment in Germany as part of the 2014 Barmer GEK hospital report. The focus is on the numerous heart operations to prevent blockage of the coronary arteries. In the past year, patients underwent this type of procedure or bypass surgery in more than 330,000 hospital cases. Although fewer people have been in hospital for coronary artery disease in recent years, certain operations have been performed significantly more often.

The report attributes the increase in operations in part to the fact that patients with coronary artery disease are now also being treated who were previously out of the question for treatment due to their age or other illnesses. In addition, people with other heart diseases are increasingly being treated.

Increasing numbers in heart valve surgery

Köster-Steinebach cites cardiac valve surgery as another example of the rapidly increasing number of operations. In 2008 there were 11,700 such interventions. Of these, 11,200 were classic operations with opening the thorax. By 2012, the number of heart valve operations had risen sharply to 19,200. The number of classic interventions has decreased by 1200. There have been more than 9,000 such interventions using a newer method, according to which a replacement valve is folded up and inserted via a catheter.

Although this newer variant is less stressful for older patients, for example, it carries the risk of serious side effects, according to Köster-Steinebach. In this respect, doubts are appropriate as to whether the increase is really medically justified. Patients who are advised by doctors to undergo major surgery that can be planned should make sure that treatment alternatives are explained to them, says the health expert. You should clarify what not having an operation would mean and get a second doctor’s opinion.

Improvement in quality of life not documented

Köster-Steinebach also cites the example of certain stents that are increasingly used to prevent vasoconstriction in the heart. The number of interventions with such coated stents has increased by 224 percent since 2005. In return, interventions with uncoated vascular supports and the number of bypass operations on open heart decreased significantly.

Many of these interventions are not carried out to reduce mortality, but to improve the quality of life, says the expert. “The problem now is that nobody examines the quality of life achieved or its improvement after the interventions.”

Köster-Steinebach appeals to health policy to shift the financial incentives for clinics away from large, plannable operations towards emergency and basic care.

New impulses for the planned hospital reform

The Barmer GEK claims to be able to give advice on the planned hospital reform based on its results. The project is currently being negotiated in camera by the federal and state governments and representatives of the coalition factions in a joint working group.

Köster-Steinebach opposed to implementing the deductions for clinics considered by the coalition for comparatively poorer performance. “That doesn’t do much good for affected patients in retrospect,” she said. In the case of poor performance, hospitals should rather improve the corresponding treatments quickly or no longer offer them at all.

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According to a current report by researchers from Hamburg and Berlin, the number of treatments at Germany’s hospitals is increasing by around 220,000 to 340,000 year after year – with almost the same population size.

According to old superstitions, garlic is used to ward off vampires. But even modern science attests to it a certain protective function – not against Count Dracula, but against attacks on health. Garlic is said to have a health-promoting effect. It is said to work against bacteria and even protect against cardiovascular diseases. What is it about these claims?

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Garlic contains numerous vitamins and minerals

“Garlic was mentioned as a remedy in ancient Egyptian writings from around 1550 BC and is still considered a prophylactic and remedy for many diseases today,” explains Margret Morlo from the Association for Nutrition and Dietetics in Aachen. The tuber owes its effect to its ingredients: Garlic contains numerous vitamins and minerals, including vitamins A, B and C, as well as potassium and selenium. And it can come up with a number of valuable secondary plant substances such as polyphenols and sulfides. It also has a comparatively high content of adenosine, which is important for cell metabolism.

Sulphides are compounds that contain sulfur

“Since the consumption quantities of garlic are usually relatively small, not all of its health-promoting components are equally important,” says Stefan Weigt from the Association for Independent Health Advice in Giessen. This applies to vitamins and minerals, for example. Just under 800 grams of garlic would be needed to reach the vitamin C daily target. “It looks completely different when it comes to secondary plant substances. With them the tubers can really show off, especially with the sulfides.” These are sulfur-containing compounds. The leek plant contains the sulfur-containing substance allicin. This gets into the blood after eating and is exhaled through the skin and lungs. This also creates the often frowned upon garlic flag.

Garlic can counteract periodontal disease

“Sulphides can have a positive effect on health in many ways. For example, they have an antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory effect,” explains Antje Gahl from the German Nutrition Society (DGE) in Bonn. In this way, they could prevent or fight infectious diseases. This has been proven for colds, among other things, by studies at the University of Arizona (USA). Research by the University of Sheffield (UK) has shown that garlic can counteract periodontal disease and other diseases of the oral mucosa.

Garlic sulfur compounds have a positive effect

Garlic sulfur compounds also have positive effects on the cardiovascular system. “It has been proven that they reduce blood cholesterol and triglyceride levels – that is, blood lipid levels,” explains Morlo. A working group from the National Cardiological Research Center in Moscow, for example, found a 7.6 percent reduction in total cholesterol in 42 test subjects after twelve weeks of garlic therapy. That means: Regular consumption could prevent arteriosclerosis – i.e. the blood vessel blockage due to deposits of blood lipids or limescale. “And with it cardiovascular diseases such as thrombosis, strokes or heart attacks,” adds Weigt.

Garlic could inhibit tumor cells

Garlic as a protective shield for the heart and blood vessels? This question has not yet been finally clarified. There are also studies that have not been able to confirm this. “It is also said that, thanks to its antioxidant secondary plant substances, it can inhibit cell damage and the development of tumor cells,” explains Gahl. Antioxidants have the ability to neutralize free radicals. These are substances that attack cells and cause them to degenerate. “You’re not quite sure,” she says.

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If you want to take advantage of the health benefits of garlic, you should consider the following: “It is very important to consume it regularly.